STD List

Sexual Health:

When you are sexually active, pregnancy is usually the largest concern. While pregnancy is something to be concerned about, sexually transmitted infections are equally concerning. You are at risk for pregnancy about 3 days a month, but you are at risk for sexually transmitted infections with every sexual encounter.

STI's &STD's
STI = Sexually Transmitted Infection
STD = Sexually Transmitted Disease

STI is an infection that does not show any physical signs or symptoms. It is contracted from another infected person through sexual activity. It becomes an STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) when symptoms appear. It's important to remember that not all infected people will have signs or symptoms. The problem is that these STD's can cause a lot of damage and can be passed to your partner without your knowledge. You do not have to have symptoms to be contagious; you can spread the disease at any time.
(See chart below for symptoms, damage and statistics)

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STDSymptomsDamageNumbers
Clamydia Men Usually none. Some experience discharge from the penis and burning with urination Men Sterility
  1. Estimated nearly 2.3 million new cases annually.
  2. 55% are unaware of infection
  3. By age 30, 50% of sexually active women have had Chlamydia.
Women Called the “silent disease.” Usually no symptoms. Some experience pain and/or vaginal discharge. Women Considered to be the most common cause of sterility. Advanced stage may require removal of uterus, tubes, ovaries. Can cause PID
Gonorrhea Men Pus from urethra. Burning upon urination Men Sterility. Scarring of the urethra & urinary tract problems
  1. Estimated nearly 700,000 new cases annually.
  2. 80% are not aware they are infected in the early stages
Women If symptoms occur at all, they include pelvic pain, painful urination and pus-like discharge. Women Sterility. Surgery in severe cases
    Both Can increase risk of HIV two to five times
Syphilis Men 1st stage:swollen non-painful ulcers on external genitalia.
2nd stage: changes of skin, fever, enlarged lymph nodes
Men Brain disorders, heart disease, blindness, dementia, and death.
  1. 36,000 new cases reported annually in U.S.
  2. 50% are not aware they have this disease.
Women 1st stage: often unnoticed
2nd stage: same as men
Women Same as men. Can cause birth defects or death in newborns if mother is infected.
    Both Can increases risk of HIV infection
HIV/AIDS Men fever, sore throat, swollen lymph glands. Must be tested, as symptoms mimic many other diseases. Men immune system breakdown, death.
  1. About 973,352 cases in the U.S. to date; 545,805 deaths.
  2. Worldwide 25,000,000 have died and 33,200,000 are living with HIV or AIDS
Women Same as men. Women Same as men.
Genital Herpes Men Lesions appear at the site of infection - periodic eruptions of painful blisters and ulcers anywhere on the body Men Continuous outbreaks. Eventually may lead to hospitalization. Lifetime medication required.
  1. 45 million infected.
  2. 1 million new cases annually
  3. 75% show no symptoms
  4. 25% of women and 20% of men have this disease.
Women Same as men. Women Same as men.
Causes infant death.
HPV Human Papilloma Virus Men Wart-like genital growths. Men Cancer of the penis & anus.
  1. 20 million people are thought to be carriers.
  2. 100 different strains exist today. 6.2 cases/yr.
  3. 50% of reproductive population infected.
Women Often no visible symptoms. Some experience vulvar burning itching & pain.
Abnormal pap smears.
Women Initially pre-malignant changes difficult to eradicate. Develops into cervical cancer if not treated. New vaccine for 4 strains.
Hepatitis B Men Often none. Some experience yellowing of the skin (jaundice), tiredness, dark urine and gray colored stool. Men Severe liver damage. Can eventually lead to cancer of liver and cirrhosis. Death is 15-25% of chronically infected persons.
  1. 1.25 million chronic infections and about 46,000 new cases annually.
  2. 40-50% children born to infected mothers
Women Same as men. Women Same as men.
PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Men This disease affects only women. Men This disease affects only women.
  1. 1 million acute episodes annually, most among 15-19 year old.
  2. 100,000 women become infertile as a result of PID each year and 150 die.
Women See chlamydia & gonorrhea. Often symptoms are minor and mistaken for menstrual cramps. Chlamydia & gonorrhea may lead to PID. Women Ectopic Pregnancy (embryo implants in the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus) Can be life-threatening. Sterility and cancer common. Permanent damage to the reproductive organs.
C. Everett Koop, M.D., Former U.S. Surgeon General:
“If you have had sex with someone, you are having sex with everyone they have had sex with for the last 10 years, and everyone they have had sex with for the last 10 years.”

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Fact Sheets found at : http//www.cdc.gov/nchstp/dstd/disease_info.htm.accessed 7-23-08.

 

Sex and Dating (check out our Q & A by Drs. Paquette in the “For Girls” & “For Guys” tabs)